From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Coca-Cola has retained many of its historical design features in modern glass bottles. Coca-Cola, or Coke, is a carbonated soft drink. Manufactured by the Coca-Cola Company.
87 in the 2018 Fortune 500. List of the largest United States. Based on Interbrand's "best global brand" study of 2020, Coca-Cola was the world's sixth most valuable brand. Originally marketed as a temperance drink.And intended as a patent medicine. It was invented in the late 19th century by John Stith Pemberton. A businessman, whose marketing tactics led Coca-Cola to its dominance of the global soft-drink market throughout the 20th and 21st century. The drink's name refers to two of its original ingredients: coca. The current formula of Coca-Cola.
Remains a closely guarded trade secret. However, a variety of reported recipes and experimental recreations have been published. The secrecy around the formula has been used by Coca-Cola in its marketing as only a handful of anonymous employees know the formula.
The drink has inspired imitators and created a whole classification of soft drink: colas. The Coca-Cola Company produces concentrate. The bottlers, who hold exclusive territory contracts with the company, produce the finished product in cans and bottles from the concentrate, in combination with filtered water and sweeteners. A typical 12-US-fluid-ounce (350 ml) can contains 38 grams (1.3 oz) of sugar usually in the form of high-fructose corn syrup.The bottlers then sell, distribute, and merchandise Coca-Cola to retail stores, restaurants, and vending machines. The Coca-Cola Company also sells concentrate for soda fountains. Of major restaurants and foodservice distributors. The Coca-Cola Company has on occasion introduced other cola drinks under the Coke name. The most common of these is Diet Coke. Along with others including Caffeine-Free Coca-Cola. And special versions with lemon. Coca-Cola was called Coca-Cola Classic from July 1985 to 2009, to distinguish it from New Coke. The original creator of Coca-Cola. Believed to be the first coupon ever, this ticket for a free glass of Coca-Cola was first distributed in 1888 to help promote the drink. By 1913, the company had redeemed 8.5 million tickets. This refurbished Coca-Cola advertisement from 1943 is still displayed in Minden, Louisiana. Early Coca-Cola vending machine at Biedenharn Museum and Gardens. Wounded in the American Civil War. Also had a medical degree and began a quest to find a substitute for the problematic drug. In 1885 at Pemberton's Eagle Drug and Chemical House, his drugstore in Columbus, Georgia. He registered Pemberton's French Wine Coca. Pemberton's tonic may have been inspired by the formidable success of Vin Mariani. But his recipe additionally included the African kola nut.
The beverage's source of caffeine. A Spanish drink called "Kola Coca" was presented at a contest in Philadelphia in 1885, a year before the official birth of Coca-Cola. The rights for this Spanish drink were bought by Coca-Cola in 1953.In 1886, when Atlanta and Fulton County. Legislation, Pemberton responded by developing Coca-Cola, a nonalcoholic version of Pemberton's French Wine Coca. It was marketed as "Coca-Cola: The temperance drink", which appealed to many people as the temperance movement.
Enjoyed wide support during this time. The first sales were at Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia, on May 8, 1886.
Were popular in the United States at the time due to the belief that carbonated water. Was good for the health. Pemberton claiming it a cure for many diseases, including morphine addiction, indigestion, nerve disorders, headaches, and impotence. Pemberton ran the first advertisement for the beverage on May 29 of the same year in the Atlanta Journal.
A co-partnership had been formed on January 14, 1888, between Pemberton and four Atlanta businessmen: J. Not codified by any signed document, a verbal statement given by Asa Candler years later asserted under testimony that he had acquired a stake in Pemberton's company as early as 1887. John Pemberton declared that the. "Coca-Cola" belonged to his son, Charley, but the other two manufacturers could continue to use the.Charley Pemberton's record of control over the "Coca-Cola" name was the underlying factor that allowed for him to participate as a major shareholder in the March 1888 Coca-Cola Company incorporation filing made in his father's place. Charley's exclusive control over the "Coca-Cola" name became a continual thorn in Asa Candler's side.
Candler's oldest son, Charles Howard Candler, authored a book in 1950 published by Emory University. The deal was actually between John Pemberton's son Charley and Walker, Candler & Co. With John Pemberton acting as cosigner for his son. Obtained all of the one-third interest in the Coca-Cola Company that Charley held, all while Charley still held on to the name.
In 1892, Candler set out to incorporate a second company, the Coca-Cola Company (the current corporation). When Candler had the earliest records of the "Coca-Cola Company" destroyed in 1910, the action was claimed to have been made during a move to new corporation offices around this time.
After Candler had gained a better foothold on Coca-Cola in April 1888, he nevertheless was forced to sell the beverage he produced with the recipe he had under the names "Yum Yum" and "Koke". After both names failed to catch on for Candler, by the middle of 1888, the Atlanta pharmacist was quite anxious to establish a firmer legal claim to Coca-Cola, and hoped he could force his two competitors, Walker and Dozier, completely out of the business, as well. John Pemberton died suddenly on August 16, 1888. Asa Candler then decided to move swiftly forward to attain full control of the entire Coca-Cola operation.Charley Pemberton, an alcoholic and opium addict, unnerved Asa Candler more than anyone else. Charley Pemberton was found on June 23, 1894, unconscious, with a stick of opium by his side. Ten days later, Charley died at Atlanta's Grady Hospital at the age of 40. In Charles Howard Candler's 1950 book about his father, he stated: On August 30 , he Asa Candler. Became the sole proprietor of Coca-Cola, a fact which was stated on letterheads, invoice blanks and advertising copy. With this action on August 30, 1888, Candler's sole control became technically all true. In 1914, Margaret Dozier, as co-owner of the original Coca-Cola Company in 1888, came forward to claim that her signature on the 1888 Coca-Cola Company bill of sale had been forged.
Subsequent analysis of other similar transfer documents had also indicated John Pemberton's signature had most likely been forged as well, which some accounts claim was precipitated by his son Charley. On September 12, 1919, Coca-Cola Co.In 1986, the Coca-Cola Company merged with two of their bottling operators (owned by JTL Corporation and BCI Holding Corporation) to form Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. In December 1991, Coca-Cola Enterprises merged with the Johnston Coca-Cola Bottling Group, Inc. Bottling plant of Coca-Cola Canada Ltd. The first bottling of Coca-Cola occurred in Vicksburg, Mississippi. At the Biedenharn Candy Company on March 12, 1894. The proprietor of the bottling works was Joseph A.
The original bottles were Hutchinson. Bottles, very different from the much later hobble-skirt design of 1915 now so familiar. A few years later two entrepreneurs from Chattanooga, Tennessee. Proposed the idea of bottling and were so persuasive that Candler signed a contract giving them control of the procedure for only one dollar.Candler later realized that he had made a grave mistake. Candler never collected his dollar, but in 1899, Chattanooga became the site of the first Coca-Cola bottling company. The loosely termed contract proved to be problematic for the Coca-Cola Company for decades to come. Legal matters were not helped by the decision of the bottlers to subcontract to other companies, effectively becoming parent bottlers. The first outdoor wall advertisement that promoted the Coca-Cola drink was painted in 1894 in Cartersville, Georgia. By the time of its 50th anniversary, the soft drink had reached the status of a national icon in the US. In 1935, it was certified kosher. By Atlanta rabbi Tobias Geffen. With the help of Harold Hirsch, Geffen was the first person outside the company to see the top-secret ingredients list after Coke faced scrutiny from the American Jewish population regarding the drink's kosher status. Consequently, the company made minor changes in the sourcing of some ingredients so it could continue to be consumed by America's Jewish population, including during Passover. Original framed Coca-Cola artist's drawn graphic presented by the Coca-Cola Company on July 12, 1944, to Charles Howard Candler on the occasion of Coca-Cola's "1 Billionth Gallon of Coca-Cola Syrup". Claimed to be the first installation anywhere of the 1948 model "Boat Motor" styled Coca-Cola soda dispenser, Fleeman's Pharmacy, Atlanta, Georgia. The "Boat Motor" soda dispenser was introduced in the late 1930s and manufactured until the late 1950s. The longest running commercial Coca-Cola soda fountain anywhere was Atlanta's Fleeman's Pharmacy, which first opened its doors in 1914. Jack Fleeman took over the pharmacy from his father and ran it until 1995; closing it after 81 years. On July 12, 1944, the one-billionth gallon of Coca-Cola syrup was manufactured by the Coca-Cola Company. Cans of Coke first appeared in 1955. Sugar replaced with high-fructose corn syrup. See also: 1970s commodities boom. Sugar prices spiked in the 1970s because of Soviet. Demand/hoarding and possible futures contracts market manipulation.
The Soviet Union was the largest producer of sugar at the time. In 1974 Coca-Cola switched over to high-fructose corn syrup. Because of the elevated prices. On April 23, 1985, Coca-Cola, amid much publicity, attempted to change the formula.
Of the drink with "New Coke". Follow-up taste tests revealed most consumers preferred the taste of New Coke to both Coke and Pepsi. But Coca-Cola management was unprepared for the public's nostalgia. For the old drink, leading to a backlash. "New Coke" remained available and was renamed Coke II.In 1992; it was discontinued in 2002. On July 5, 2005, it was revealed that Coca-Cola would resume operations in Iraq for the first time since the Arab League. Boycotted the company in 1968. In April 2007, in Canada, the name "Coca-Cola Classic" was changed back to "Coca-Cola".
The word "Classic" was removed because "New Coke" was no longer in production, eliminating the need to differentiate between the two. The change was part of a larger strategy to rejuvenate the product's image. The word "Classic" was removed from all Coca-Cola products by 2011. In November 2009, due to a dispute over wholesale prices of Coca-Cola products, Costco. Some Costco locations such as the ones in Tucson, Arizona.
Additionally sell imported Coca-Cola from Mexico. With cane sugar instead of corn syrup from separate distributors.That same day, Coca-Cola announced the 12.5-ounce bottle, to sell for 89 cents. In 2012, Coca-Cola resumed business in Myanmar after 60 years of absence due to US-imposed investment sanctions against the country. Coca-Cola's bottling plant is located in Yangon.
(HFCS) depending on country of origin. A typical can of Coca-Cola (12 fl ounces/355 ml) contains 39 grams of sugar.
50 mg of sodium, 0 grams fat, 0 grams potassium, and 140 calories. On May 5, 2014, Coca-Cola said it was working to remove a controversial ingredient, brominated vegetable oil. A UK 330 ml can contains 35 grammes of sugar and 139 calories. The exact formula of Coca-Cola's natural flavorings (but not its other ingredients, which are listed on the side of the bottle or can) is a trade secret. The original copy of the formula was held in Truist Financial.
S main vault in Atlanta for 86 years. Its predecessor, the Trust Company, was the underwriter.
For the Coca-Cola Company's initial public offering. On December 8, 2011, the original secret formula was moved from the vault at SunTrust Banks. To a new vault containing the formula which will be on display for visitors to its World of Coca-Cola.
World of Coca-Cola museum in Atlanta, Georgia. According to Snopes, a popular myth states that only two executives have access to the formula, with each executive having only half the formula. However, several sources state that while Coca-Cola does have a rule restricting access to only two executives, each knows the entire formula and others, in addition to the prescribed duo, have known the formulation process. On February 11, 2011, Ira Glass.Radio show, This American Life. That TAL staffers had found a recipe in "Everett Beal's Recipe Book", reproduced in the February 28, 1979, issue of The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. That they believed was either Pemberton's original formula for Coca-Cola, or a version that he made either before or after the product hit the market in 1886.
The formula basically matched the one found in Pemberton's diary. Coca-Cola archivist Phil Mooney acknowledged that the recipe "could be a precursor" to the formula used in the original 1886 product, but emphasized that Pemberton's original formula is not the same as the one used in the current product.
Use of stimulants in formula. When launched, Coca-Cola's two key ingredients were cocaine. The cocaine was derived from the coca.Leaf and the caffeine from kola nut. (also spelled "cola nut" at the time), leading to the name Coca-Cola. Pemberton called for five ounces.
Of coca leaf per gallon of syrup (approximately 37 g/L), a significant dose; in 1891, Candler claimed his formula (altered extensively from Pemberton's original) contained only a tenth of this amount. Coca-Cola once contained an estimated nine milligrams of cocaine per glass. For comparison, a typical dose or "line" of cocaine is 50-75 mg. In 1903, it was removed.
After 1904, instead of using fresh leaves, Coca-Cola started using "spent" leaves - the leftovers of the cocaine-extraction process with trace levels of cocaine. , Coca-Cola has used a cocaine-free coca leaf extract. Today, that extract is prepared at a Stepan Company.
Plant in Maywood, New Jersey. The only manufacturing plant authorized by the federal government to import and process coca leaves, which it obtains from Peru and Bolivia. Stepan Company extracts cocaine from the coca leaves, which it then sells to Mallinckrodt. The only company in the United States licensed to purify cocaine for medicinal use. Long after the syrup had ceased to contain any significant amount of cocaine, in North Carolina.
"Dope" remained a common colloquialism for Coca-Cola, and "dope-wagons" were trucks that transported it. The kola nut acts as a flavoring and the original source of caffeine in Coca-Cola.
It contains about 2.0 to 3.5% caffeine, and has a bitter flavor. In 1911, the US government sued in United States v.
Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola. Hoping to force the Coca-Cola Company to remove caffeine from its formula. The court found that the syrup, when diluted as directed, would result in a beverage containing 1.21 grains. (or 78.4 mg) of caffeine per 8 US fluid ounces (240 ml) serving. The case was decided in favor of the Coca-Cola Company at the district court, but subsequently in 1912, the US Pure Food and Drug Act.Was amended, adding caffeine to the list of "habit-forming" and "deleterious" substances which must be listed on a product's label. In 1913 the case was appealed to the Sixth Circuit. In Cincinnati, where the ruling was affirmed, but then appealed again in 1916 to the Supreme Court, where the government effectively won as a new trial was ordered. The company then voluntarily reduced the amount of caffeine in its product, and offered to pay the government's legal costs to settle and avoid further litigation. Coca-Cola contains 34 mg of caffeine per 12 fluid ounces (9.8 mg per 100 ml). The actual production and distribution of Coca-Cola follows a franchising model. The Coca-Cola Company only produces a syrup concentrate, which it sells to bottlers throughout the world, who hold Coca-Cola franchises for one or more geographical areas. The bottlers produce the final drink by mixing the syrup with filtered water and sweeteners, putting the mixture into cans and bottles, and carbonating it, which the bottlers then sell and distribute to retail stores, vending machines, restaurants, and foodservice distributors. The Coca-Cola Company owns minority shares in some of its largest franchises, such as Coca-Cola Enterprises. As well as some smaller ones, such as Coca-Cola Bottlers Uzbekistan.
Independent bottlers are allowed to sweeten the drink according to local tastes. The bottling plant in Skopje. Macedonia, received the 2009 award for "Best Bottling Company". Since it announced its intention to begin distribution in Myanmar in June 2012, Coca-Cola has been officially available in every country in the world except Cuba and North Korea. However, it is reported to be available in both countries as a grey import.Coca-Cola has been a point of legal discussion in the Middle East. In the early 20th century, a fatwa. Was created in Egypt to discuss the question of whether Muslims were permitted to drink Coca-Cola and Pepsi cola.
The fatwa states: According to the Muslim Hanefite, Shafi'ite, etc. The rule in Islamic law of forbidding or allowing foods and beverages is based on the presumption that such things are permitted unless it can be shown that they are forbidden on the basis of the Qur'an. The Muslim jurists stated that, unless the Qur'an specifically prohibits the consumption of a particular product, it is permissible to consume. Another clause was discussed, whereby the same rules apply if a person is unaware of the condition or ingredients of the item in question. Coca-Cola first entered the Chinese market in the 1920s and opted for a localized name.
(Ke-Ke Ken-La), but the name sounded like chewing wax blocks, resulting in poor product sales. In the 1930s, the new localized name. " (Ke-kou ke-le), which means "Tasty and Fun, was replaced, taking into account the effects of syllable translation and meaning translation, so that the sales of the product increased and became a good translation case.
The story introduction from Coca-Cola mentions that Chiang Yee. Provided the new localized name. But there are also sources that the localized name appeared before 1935. Or that it was given by someone named Jerome T.
Lieu who studied at Columbia University in New York. Shortened "Coke" logo used on the back of cans and included in the logos of some flavor variations. This is a list of variants of Coca-Cola introduced around the world. In addition to the caffeine-free version of the original, additional fruit flavors have been included over the years. Not included here are versions of Diet Coke.Variant versions of those no-calorie colas can be found at their respective articles. (1983-present) - Coca-Cola without the caffeine. (1985-present) - Coca-Cola with a cherry flavor. Was available in Canada starting in 1996.
Originally marketed as Cherry Coke (Cherry Coca-Cola) in North America until 2006. In 2019, New Coke was re-introduced to the market to promote the third season of the Netflix.
Available in: Australia, American Samoa. Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Denmark, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Iceland, Korea, Luxembourg, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Réunion. Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, the United Kingdom, the United States, and West Bank. Available in: Austria, Australia, China, Czech Republic, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Malaysia, Slovakia, South-Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. It was reintroduced in June 2007 by popular demand. (2005-present) - Coca-Cola with a lime flavor. Available in Belgium, Lithuania, Netherlands, Singapore, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (2005; 2009-present) - Coca-Cola with a raspberry flavor. Originally only available in New Zealand. Available in Australia, the United States, and the United Kingdom in Coca-Cola Freestyle.
(2005-present) - Coca-Cola with a citrus flavor. Only available in New Zealand, and Japan. It replaced and was replaced by Vanilla Coke in June 2007.Only available in the United States, France, Canada, Czech Republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, and Lithuania. (2007) - Coca-Cola with an orange flavor. Was available in the United Kingdom and Gibraltar for a limited time.
Currently available in Coca-Cola Freestyle. Fountain outlets in the United States since 2009, and in the United Kingdom since 2014. And sugar as sweeteners rather than simply sugar. Coca-Cola Ginger (2016-present) - A version that mixes in the taste of ginger beer. Available in Australia, New Zealand, and as a limited edition in Vietnam.Made available nationwide in the United States on February 25, 2019. Coca-Cola Energy (2019-present) - An energy drink. With a flavor similar to standard Coca-Cola, with guarana.
Introduced in 2019 in the United Kingdom. And released in the United States and Canada in January 2020. Also available in zero-sugar, cherry, and zero-sugar + cherry variants. In May 2021, the company announced they would discontinue the product in North America but it will remain available in other places and it will focus on its traditional beverages.
Released in October 2019 in the United States as a limited release for the 2019 holiday season. Made available again in 2020 for the holiday season. Coca-Cola with Coffee (2019-present) - Coca-Cola, with coffee. Introduced in 2019 in various European markets, and released in the United States and Canada in January 2021.
Available in dark blend, vanilla and caramel versions, and also in zero-sugar dark blend and vanilla variants. Coca-Cola Cherry Vanilla (2020-present) - Coca-Cola with cherry vanilla flavor.
Released in the United States on February 10, 2020. (2022) - Coca-Cola with a mysterious space-inspired flavor. Released in North America on February 21, 2022, as a limited edition. Coca-Cola Marshmello (2022-present) - Coca-Cola with strawberry and watermelon flavor, made in collaboration with Marshmello.
Released in 2022 as a limited edition. Coca-Cola Dreamworld (2022-present) - Coca-Cola with a mysterious dream-inspired flavour. Coca-Cola Move (2023-present) - Coca-Cola with a mysterious transformation-inspired flavour, made in collaboration with Rosalía. Released in early 2023 as a limited edition. The Coca-Cola logo was created by John Pemberton's bookkeeper, Frank Mason Robinson.
Robinson came up with the name and chose the logo's distinctive cursive script. The writing style used, known as Spencerian script. Was developed in the mid-19th century and was the dominant form of formal handwriting in the United States during that period.
Robinson also played a significant role in early Coca-Cola advertising. His promotional suggestions to Pemberton included giving away thousands of free drink coupons and plastering the city of Atlanta. With publicity banners and streetcar. Coca-Cola came under scrutiny in Egypt in 1951.
Because of a conspiracy theory. That the Coca-Cola logo, when reflected in a mirror, spells out No Mohammed.
For the song, see Coke Bottle (song). Dean standing next to the Johnny Bull Machine, the mold machine used to produce the early Coca-Cola contour bottles.
Illustration of a gourd-shaped cocoa pod. The Coca-Cola bottle, called the "contour bottle" within the company, was created by bottle designer Earl R.
And Coca-Cola's general counsel. In 1915, the Coca-Cola Company was represented by their general counsel to launch a competition among its bottle suppliers as well as any competition entrants to create a new bottle for their beverage that would distinguish it from other beverage bottles, a bottle which a person could recognize even if they felt it in the dark, and so shaped that, even if broken, a person could tell at a glance what it was.Root, president of The Root Glass Company. Turned the project over to members of his supervisory staff, including company auditor T. Clyde Edwards, plant superintendent Alexander Samuelsson, and Earl R. Bottle designer and supervisor of the bottle molding room. Root and his subordinates decided to base the bottle's design on one of the soda's two ingredients, the coca leaf. But were unaware of what either ingredient looked like. Dean and Edwards went to the Emeline Fairbanks Memorial Library.
And were unable to find any information about coca or kola. Instead, Dean was inspired by a picture of the gourd-shaped cocoa pod. He explained to Root how he could transform the shape of the pod into a bottle.
Root gave Dean his approval. Faced with the upcoming scheduled maintenance of the mold-making machinery, over the next 24 hours Dean sketched out a concept drawing which was approved by Root the next morning. Chapman Root approved the prototype bottle and a design patent. Was issued on the bottle in November 1915.
The prototype never made it to production since its middle diameter was larger than its base, making it unstable on conveyor belts. Dean resolved this issue by decreasing the bottle's middle diameter.During the 1916 bottler's convention, Dean's contour bottle was chosen over other entries and was on the market the same year. By 1920, the contour bottle became the standard for the Coca-Cola Company.
A revised version was also patented in 1923. Releases the Patent Gazette on Tuesday, the bottle was patented on December 25, 1923, and was nicknamed the Christmas bottle.
Today, the contour Coca-Cola bottle is one of the most recognized packages on the planet. He chose the lifetime job and kept it until the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. Bought out The Root Glass Company in the mid-1930s.Dean went on to work in other Midwestern glass factories. Updated the design in 1955 to accommodate larger formats. Others have attributed inspiration for the design not to the cocoa pod, but to a Victorian. In 1944, Associate Justice Roger J. Of the Supreme Court of California. Took advantage of a case involving a waitress injured by an exploding Coca-Cola bottle to articulate the doctrine of strict liability. Is widely recognized as a landmark case in US law today. S original 1915 concept drawing of the contour Coca-Cola bottle. Final production version with slimmer middle section.
A Coca-Cola bottle designed by Jean Paul Gaultier. And inspired by American singer Madonna. Is the latest designer to have created a collection of aluminum bottles for Coca-Cola.Lagerfeld is not the first fashion designer to create a special version of the famous Coca-Cola Contour bottle. A number of other limited edition bottles by fashion designers for Coca-Cola Light soda have been created in the last few years, including Jean Paul Gaultier. In 2009, in Italy, Coca-Cola Light had a Tribute to Fashion to celebrate 100 years of the recognizable contour bottle. Well known Italian designers Alberta Ferretti. Each designed limited edition bottles. In 2019, Coca-Cola shared the first beverage bottle made with ocean plastic. The flagship product of PepsiCo. The Coca-Cola Company's main rival in the soft drink industry, is usually second to Coke in sales, and outsells Coca-Cola in some markets. Now owned by the Dr Pepper Snapple Group. Around the world, many local brands compete with Coke. In South and Central America Kola Real. Also known as Big Cola, is a growing competitor to Coca-Cola. On the French island of Corsica.
Made by brewers of the local Pietra beer. Is a growing competitor to Coca-Cola. In the French region of Brittany.
Outsells Coca-Cola during the Christmas season. In Scotland, the locally produced Irn-Bru.
Was more popular than Coca-Cola until 2005, when Coca-Cola and Diet Coke began to outpace its sales. In the former East Germany. Invented during communist rule, is gaining popularity.In India, Coca-Cola ranked third behind the leader, Pepsi, and local drink Thums Up. As of 2004, Coca-Cola held a 60.9% market-share in India. Tropicola, a domestic drink, is served in Cuba instead of Coca-Cola, due to a United States embargo. And British brand Qibla Cola.
Are competitors to Coca-Cola in the Middle East. In Iran and the Middle East, Zamzam.
In some parts of China, Future Cola. In the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Kofola. Are some of the brand's competitors.
Classiko Cola, made by Tiko Group, the largest manufacturing company in Madagascar, is a competitor to Coca-Cola in many regions. In 2021, Coca-Cola petitioned to cancel registrations for the marks Thums Up and Limca. Issued to Meenaxi Enterprise, Inc.
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An 1890s advertisement showing model Hilda Clark. In formal 19th century attire. The ad is titled Drink Coca-Cola 5¢. Older Coca-Cola ghosts behind Borax and telephone ads.
Coca-Cola's advertising has significantly affected American culture. And it is frequently credited with inventing the modern image of Santa Claus. As an old man in a red-and-white suit. Although the company did start using the red-and-white Santa image in the 1930s, with its winter advertising campaigns illustrated by Haddon Sundblom. The motif was already common.Coca-Cola was not even the first soft drink company to use the modern image of Santa Claus in its advertising: White Rock Beverages. Used Santa in advertisements for its ginger ale. In 1923, after first using him to sell mineral water. Before Santa Claus, Coca-Cola relied on images of smartly dressed young women to sell its beverages.
Coca-Cola's first such advertisement appeared in 1895, featuring the young Bostonian actress Hilda Clark. In 1971, a song from a Coca-Cola commercial called I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing. During the 1950s the term cola wars. Emerged, describing the on-going battle between Coca-Cola and Pepsi for supremacy in the soft drink industry. Coca-Cola and Pepsi were competing with new products, global expansion, US marketing initiatives and sport sponsorships.
Coca-Cola sales booth on the Cape Verde island of Fogo. Coke advertisement in Budapest, 2013. Coke's advertising is pervasive, as one of Woodruff's. Stated goals was to ensure that everyone on Earth drank Coca-Cola as their preferred beverage. This is especially true in southern areas of the United States, such as Atlanta.Between 1960 through 1986 were written and produced by former Atlanta radio veteran Don Naylor. Many of these early television commercials for Coca-Cola featured movie stars, sports heroes, and popular singers. Ran a series of television advertisements showing people participating in taste tests demonstrating that, according to the commercials, fifty percent of the participants who said they preferred Coke. This quote needs a citation. Coca-Cola ran ads to combat Pepsi's ads in an incident sometimes referred to as the cola wars. One of Coke's ads compared the so-called Pepsi challenge.
Thereafter, Coca-Cola regained its leadership in the market. Was a spokesperson for Coca-Cola from 1989 until the time of her death. She filmed three commercials for the company. During 1994, to commemorate her five years with the company, Coca-Cola issued special Selena coke bottles. In 1982, and began inserting Coke-product images into many of its films.Coca-Cola has gone through a number of different advertising slogans. In its long history, including "The pause that refreshes". The scheme was cancelled after three years, with a Coca-Cola spokesperson declining to state why. The company then introduced another loyalty campaign in 2006, My Coke Rewards. This allows consumers to earn points by entering codes from specially marked packages of Coca-Cola products into a website. These points can be redeemed for various prizes or sweepstakes entries. In Australia in 2011, Coca-Cola began the "share a Coke" campaign, where the Coca-Cola logo was replaced on the bottles and replaced with first names. Coca-Cola used the 150 most popular names in Australia to print on the bottles.
The campaign was paired with a website page, Facebook page, and an online "share a virtual Coke". The same campaign was introduced to Coca-Cola, Diet Coke and Coke Zero bottles and cans in the UK in 2013. Coca-Cola has also advertised its product to be consumed as a breakfast beverage, instead of coffee or tea for the morning caffeine.Main article: Fixed price of Coca-Cola from 1886 to 1959. From 1886 to 1959, the price of Coca-Cola was fixed at five cents, in part due to an advertising campaign. Throughout the years, Coca-Cola has released limited-time collector bottles for Christmas. Coca-Cola Christmas truck in Dresden. Driving through a snowy landscape and causing everything that they pass to light up and people to watch as they pass through. The advertisement fell into disuse in 2001, as the Coca-Cola Company restructured its advertising campaigns so that advertising around the world was produced locally in each country, rather than centrally in the company's headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. In 2007, the company brought back the campaign after, according to the company, many consumers telephoned its information center saying that they considered it to mark the beginning of Christmas. The advertisement was created by US advertising agency Doner, and has been part of the company's global advertising campaign for many years. Keith Law, a producer and writer of commercials for Belfast CityBeat.
Was not convinced by Coca-Cola's reintroduction of the advertisement in 2007, saying that I do not think there's anything Christmassy about HGVs. And the commercial is too generic. In 2001, singer Melanie Thornton. Recorded the campaign's advertising jingle as a single, Wonderful Dream (Holidays Are Coming)., which entered the pop-music charts in Germany at no. In 2005, Coca-Cola expanded the advertising campaign to radio, employing several variations of the jingle. In 2011, Coca-Cola launched a campaign for the Indian holiday Diwali. The campaign included commercials, a song, and an integration with Shah Rukh Khan's film Ra. Coca-Cola was the first commercial sponsor. In Amsterdam, and has been an Olympics sponsor ever since. This corporate sponsorship included the 1996 Summer Olympics. Which allowed Coca-Cola to spotlight its hometown. Most recently, Coca-Cola has released localized commercials for the 2010 Winter Olympics. In Vancouver; one Canadian commercial referred to Canada's hockey heritage and was modified after Canada won the gold medal game on February 28, 2010, by changing the ending line of the commercial to say "Now they know whose game they're playing". Coca-Cola has sponsored the FIFA World Cup.
And other competitions organized by FIFA. One FIFA tournament trophy, the FIFA World Youth Championship. Was called "FIFA - Coca-Cola Cup". In addition, Coca-Cola sponsors NASCAR. And Coke Zero Sugar 400.In Daytona, Florida; since 2020, Coca-Cola has served as a premier partner of the NASCAR Cup Series. Which includes holding the naming rights to the series' regular season championship trophy. Coca-Cola is also the sponsor of the iRacing. Coca-Cola has a long history of sports marketing relationships, which over the years have included Major League Baseball. And the National Hockey League.
As well as with many teams within those leagues. Coca-Cola has had a longtime relationship with the NFL's Pittsburgh Steelers. Due in part to the now-famous 1979 television commercial.
Leading to the two opening the Coca-Cola Great Hall at Heinz Field. In 2001 and a more recent Coca-Cola Zero. Coca-Cola is the official soft drink of many collegiate football. This is especially prevalent at the high school level, which is more dependent on such contracts due to tighter budgets. Coca-Cola was one of the official sponsors of the 1996 Cricket World Cup.Held on the Indian subcontinent. Coca-Cola is also one of the associate sponsors of Delhi Capitals. In the Indian Premier League. In England, Coca-Cola was the main sponsor of The Football League.
Between 2004 and 2010, a name given to the three professional divisions below the Premier League. In 2005, Coca-Cola launched a competition for the 72 clubs of The Football League - it was called "Win a Player". The "Win A Player" competition was very controversial, as at the end of the 2 competitions, Leeds United A.Between 1992 and 1998, Coca-Cola was the title sponsor of the Football League Cup. (Coca-Cola Cup), the secondary cup tournament of England.
Coca-Cola has agreed its biggest UK sponsorship deal by becoming Premier League. Football's seventh and final commercial partner.
Between 1994 and 1997, Coca-Cola was also the title sponsor of the Scottish League Cup. Renaming it to the Coca-Cola Cup like its English counterpart. From 1998 to 2001, the company was the title sponsor of the Irish League Cup.Where it was named the Coca-Cola League Cup. Coca-Cola is the presenting sponsor of the Tour Championship. The final event of the PGA Tour. Held each year at East Lake Golf Club.
Introduced March 1, 2010, in Canada, to celebrate the 2010 Winter Olympics. Coca-Cola which has been a partner with UEFA. Coca-Cola advertised on a Volkswagen T2. Coca-Cola has been prominently featured in many films and television programs.
It was a major plot element in films such as One, Two, Three. And The Gods Must Be Crazy.In music, such as in the Beatles. ", the lyrics say, "He shoot Coca-Cola. Also referenced Coca-Cola in their 1964 song All Summer Long. ", singing "Member when you spilled Coke all over your blouse? Promoted Coca-Cola during his last tour of 1977.
The Coca-Cola Company used Presley's image to promote the product. For example, the company used a song performed by Presley, A Little Less Conversation.
, in a Japanese Coca-Cola commercial. Other artists that promoted Coca-Cola include David Bowie.
Who appeared in the Diet Coke commercial, among many others. Not all musical references to Coca-Cola went well. Was originally recorded as You drink champagne and it tastes just like Coca-Cola. When the British Broadcasting Corporation. Refused to play the song because of the commercial reference, lead singer Ray Davies.
Re-recorded the lyric as "it tastes just like cherry cola" to get airplay for the song. Satirized a famous Coca-Cola billboard in his 1982 poster And I Love New York.
" On the billboard, the Coca-Cola wave is accompanied by the words "Enjoy Coke. " In Kichka's poster, the lettering and script above the Coca-Cola wave instead read "Enjoy Cocaine.
Use as political and corporate symbol. Astronauts served Coca-Cola from this device on the Space Shuttle. Coca-Cola has a high degree of identification with the United States, being considered by some an "American Brand" or as an item representing America, criticized as Cocacolonization.
This gave rise to the brief production of White Coke. By the request of and for Soviet Marshal. Who did not want to be seen drinking a symbol of American imperialism.The bottles were given by the President Eisenhower. During a conference, and Marshal Zhukov enjoyed the drink. The bottles were disguised as vodka.
Bottles, with the cap having a red star design, to avoid suspicion of Soviet officials. The drink is also often a metonym. Coca-Cola was introduced to China in 1927, and was very popular until 1949. After the Chinese Civil War.
Ended in 1949, the beverage was no longer imported into China, as it was perceived to be a symbol of decadent Western culture. Importation and sales of the beverage resumed in 1979, after diplomatic relations between the United States and China were restored.
There are some consumer boycotts of Coca-Cola in Arab countries. Due to Coke's early investment in Israel during the Arab League boycott of Israel. (its competitor Pepsi stayed out of Israel). And Pepsi are popular alternatives in the Middle East.
A Coca-Cola fountain dispenser (officially a Fluids Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus or FGBA) was developed for use on the Space Shuttle. As a test bed to determine if carbonated beverages can be produced from separately stored carbon dioxide, water, and flavored syrups and determine if the resulting fluids can be made available for consumption without bubble nucleation and resulting foam formation. In 1995 and dispensed pre-mixed beverages, followed by FGBA-2 on STS-77. The latter mixed CO2, water, and syrup to make beverages.It supplied 1.65 liters each of Coca-Cola and Diet Coke. Coca-Cola is sometimes used for the treatment of gastric phytobezoars. In about 50% of cases studied, Coca-Cola alone was found to be effective in gastric phytobezoar. This treatment can however result in the potential of developing small bowel obstruction in a minority of cases, necessitating surgical intervention. Main article: Criticism of Coca-Cola. Criticism of Coca-Cola has arisen from various groups around the world, concerning a variety of issues, including health effects. The drink's coca flavoring, and the nickname "Coke", remain a common theme of criticism due to the relationship with the illegal drug cocaine. In 1911, the US government seized 40 barrels and 20 kegs of Coca-Cola syrup in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Alleging the caffeine in its drink was "injurious to health", leading to amended food safety legislation. Beginning in the 1940s, PepsiCo. The Coca-Cola Company, its subsidiaries and products have been subject to sustained criticism by consumer groups. Particularly since the early 2000s.
Named Coca-Cola the single biggest plastic polluter in the world. After 72,541 volunteers collected 476,423 pieces of plastic waste from around where they lived, a total of 11,732 pieces were found to be labeled with a Coca-Cola brand including the Dasani. Brands in 37 countries across four continents.At the 2020 World Economic Forum. In Davos, Coca-Cola's Head of Sustainability, Bea Perez, said customers like them because they reseal and are lightweight, and business won't be in business if we don't accommodate consumers. In February 2022, Coca-Cola announced that it will aim to make 25 percent of its packaging reusable by 2030. Coca-Cola Classic is rich in sugars, especially sucrose. Besides this, the high caloric value of the sugars themselves can contribute to obesity. Both are major health issues in the developed world. In February 2021, Coca-Cola received criticism after a video of a training session, which told employees to "try to be less white", was leaked by an employee. The session also said in order to be "less white" employees had to be less "arrogant" and "defensive". In July 2001, the Coca-Cola Company was sued over its alleged use of far-right. The United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia. To kidnap, torture, and kill Colombian bottler workers that were linked with trade union. Coca-Cola was sued in a US federal court in Miami by the Colombian food and drink union Sinaltrainal. The suit alleged that Coca-Cola was indirectly responsible for having contracted with or otherwise directed paramilitary. Security forces that utilized extreme violence and murdered, tortured, unlawfully detained or otherwise silenced trade union leaders.
This sparked campaigns to boycott Coca-Cola in the UK, US, Germany, Italy, and Australia. Javier Correa, the president of Sinaltrainal, said the campaign aimed to put pressure on Coca-Cola "to mitigate the pain and suffering" that union members had suffered. Speaking from the Coca-Cola Company's headquarters in Atlanta, company spokesperson Rafael Fernandez Quiros said "Coca-Cola denies any connection to any human-rights violation of this type" and added "We do not own or operate the plants". This item is in the category "Collectibles\Advertising\Soda\Coca-Cola\Bottles". The seller is "br465346" and is located in this country: US.This item can be shipped to United States.